|Hopi Two Horned Priests at Oraibi in|
The Two Horn function is celestial or eternal in nature much like that of the Melchizedek priesthood. They have knowledge of the higher order of heaven, and the previous worlds. Their responsibility is mainly focused on looking after the dead. They install chiefs of all the ceremonies and dance with high steps and
sing "a song that is so secret that although they render it in low, almost inaudible voices, they accompany it with a great uproar in order to make sure that not a syllable is overheard by any, save members of their own order ."(Titiev 1944:132)
|The Mitre worn by Catholic superiors|
representing the word of the Lord that is represented directly on the horned headdress of the split gourd having pairs of parallel lines that represent "the word" (as pointed out on my other post regarding the Hopi Snake Ceremony) painted on the inside. The horns symbol has been depicted in many places from the Hopi's to the Mayans and even the Egyptians all as symbols of power and authority. There are also many depictions of Moses with horns for this very reason. Cryers also points out that the divided headdress was traditional in the Old World until it was "turned aside" and became the mitre worn by Catholic superiors.
|Lachoneus and Gidgiddoni|
18. Now the chiefest among all the chief captains and the great commander of all the armies of the Nephites was appointed, and his name was Gidgiddoni.
19. Now it was the custom among all the Nephites to appoint for their cheif captains, (save it wer in their times of wickedness) some one that had the spirit of revelation and also prophecy; therefore, this Gidgiddoni was a great prophet among them, as also was the chief judge.
Thus we can see that a line of authority even priestly authority has its roots in ancient tradition. Through Joseph Smith this can be traced back to the prophets of old. In the Pearl of Great Price and Book of Mormon we see that the want for this priesthood authority lead to "copy cat" authorities trying to mimmick the priesthood authority. That combined with the loss of authority due to wickedness and apostacy lead to the total loss of the priesthood. As I have pointed out traces can be seen in ancient cultures almost everywhere. It's when we take a closer look at these ancient traditons that we may get a better understanding of the Book of Mormon. I once again close with Brant Gardners saying that it's not about looking for the Book of Mormon in Mesoamerica it's about looking for Mesoamerica (and its surrounding cultures) in the Book of Mormon that will bring further cultural insights.